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Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil

Arnaldo CM Junior, Paula Rubya Souza Camara.

Abstract
Objective: Among birth defects (BD) or congenital anomalies, spina bifida (SB) is the most common congenital malformation of the central nervous system that is associated with significant lifelong morbidity. We aimed to obtain statistics index of SB in newborns at Rio Grande do Norte (RN) state, Brazil, as well as to identify perinatal risk and to update therapeutic options to minimize the mortality in newborn with SB congenital defects.
Materials and Methods: Retrospective study of SB index in newborn in Pediatric Hospitals at RN State, Brazil, over the 6 years from 2008 to 2013 and literature review about SB global status was made at PubMed database, reference lists of selected publications and important research groups in the field of SB.
Conclusion: Northeast region is the one that has the major incidence of SB in Brazil country, but RN state has a number lower than others states from its region. It was made an update about therapeutic options to minimize the morbidity and mortality in newborn with SB congenital defects.

Key words: Folic acid, neural tube defects, spina bifida


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Junior AC, Camara PRS. Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil. J Interdiscipl Histopathol. 2014; 2(4): 217-223. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453


Web Style

Junior AC, Camara PRS. Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil. http://www.ejmjih.com/?mno=166628 [Access: February 23, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Junior AC, Camara PRS. Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil. J Interdiscipl Histopathol. 2014; 2(4): 217-223. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Junior AC, Camara PRS. Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil. J Interdiscipl Histopathol. (2014), [cited February 23, 2018]; 2(4): 217-223. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453



Harvard Style

Junior, A. C. & Camara, P. R. S. (2014) Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil. J Interdiscipl Histopathol, 2 (4), 217-223. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453



Turabian Style

Junior, Arnaldo CM, and Paula Rubya Souza Camara. 2014. Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil. Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology, 2 (4), 217-223. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453



Chicago Style

Junior, Arnaldo CM, and Paula Rubya Souza Camara. "Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil." Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology 2 (2014), 217-223. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Junior, Arnaldo CM, and Paula Rubya Souza Camara. "Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil." Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology 2.4 (2014), 217-223. Print. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Junior, A. C. & Camara, P. R. S. (2014) Birth Defects in Newborns: Spina Bifida Index at Rio Grande Do Norte State in Brazil. Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology, 2 (4), 217-223. doi:10.5455/jihp.20141031125453





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